What makes a good product when formulating skin care? Find out here.
Our outermost layer of the skin contains a natural moisturizing
factor. It is a complex mixture of water soluble compounds made up of amino acids, organic acids, urea, and
inorganic ions. This moisturizing factor makes up about 10% of the outer most skin layer and some of the major
components of the natural moisturizing factor are sodium lactate, urea.
When we absorb water from the atmosphere or from a product we put on our skin such as a lotion, cream, or serum, the water dissolves the natural molecules that make up the natural moisturizing factor and they act as humectants in our skin drawing moisture/water from the surrounding atmosphere.
In order to help the skin to stay healthy we need to help it along a little with skincare products.
The things we need to think of when making emulsified products (creams and lotions) are
Occlusion is to reduce the amount of moisture loss from the skin
to the atmosphere; it is called Trans epidermal water loss.
To prevent this you need oil that sits on the skin and forms a barrier to
keep the moisture in the skin.
Humectants help to retain and draw moisture from the surrounding
atmosphere into our skin.
Emollients are moisturizing oils that keep the skin from feeling
rough and dry, and to reduce further damage to the
With these three factors in mind we formulate creams and lotions that help to keep the skin to keep it in optimal condition.
Serums that are water free make an excellent night time treatment and delivery system for actives and botanicals that can penetrate the skin while we sleep, protecting , healing, and replenishing our skin cells and targeting specific areas of concern.
Serums can be layered to deliver specific benefits or used alone or under a moisturizer.